In 2020, the total value of China's import and export of goods increased by 1.9% year-on-year
Li Kuiwen said that in detail, there are mainly the following six characteristics:
First, the scale of import and export hit a record high. In 2020, world economic growth and global trade will be severely impacted, and the external environment for my country's foreign trade development is complex and severe. Under such difficult circumstances, my country's foreign trade imports and exports have achieved rapid stabilization and continued improvement, demonstrating strong resilience and comprehensive competition. force. my country's foreign trade imports and exports have achieved positive growth for 7 consecutive months starting from June 2020. The total value of imports and exports and exports for the whole year have both hit a record high, and the international market share has also set a record for the best in history. It has become the only world that has achieved positive growth in goods trade The status of major economies and the largest country in trade in goods has been further consolidated. According to data published by the WTO and other countries, in the first 10 months of 2020, my country's international market share of imports and exports, exports, and imports reached 12.8%, 14.2%, and 11.5%, respectively, setting record highs.
Second, the vitality of foreign trade entities continued to increase. In 2020, there will be 531,000 import and export enterprises, an increase of 6.2%. Among them, the import and export of private enterprises was 14.98 trillion yuan, an increase of 11.1%, accounting for 46.6% of my country's total foreign trade value, an increase of 3.9 percentage points from 2019. The position of the largest foreign trade subject has been consolidated, and it has become an important force in stabilizing foreign trade. The import and export of foreign-invested enterprises was 12.44 trillion yuan, accounting for 38.7%. State-owned enterprises import and export 4.61 trillion yuan, accounting for 14.3%.
Third, trading partners are becoming more diversified. In 2020, my country's top five trading partners will be ASEAN, EU, United States, Japan and South Korea in order. Imports and exports to these trading partners will be 4.74, 4.5, 4.06, 2.2 and 1.97 trillion yuan, an increase of 7%, 5.3%, and 8.8 respectively. %, 1.2% and 0.7%. In addition, my country's imports and exports to countries along the “Belt and Road” were 9.37 trillion yuan, an increase of 1%.
Fourth is to optimize the way of trade. In 2020, my country's general trade import and export was 19.25 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.4%, accounting for 59.9% of my country's total foreign trade value, an increase of 0.9 percentage points from 2019. Among them, exports were 10.65 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.9%; imports were 8.6 trillion yuan, a decrease of 0.7%. The import and export of processing trade was 7.64 trillion yuan, down 3.9%, accounting for 23.8%.
Fifth, the export of traditional superior products continued to grow. In 2020, my country's export of mechanical and electrical products was 10.66 trillion yuan, an increase of 6%, accounting for 59.4% of the total export value, a year-on-year increase of 1.1 percentage points. Among them, the export of notebook computers, household appliances, medical instruments and equipment increased by 20.4%, 24.2%, and 41.5% respectively. In the same period, the export of seven categories of labor-intensive products such as textiles and garments was 3.58 trillion yuan, an increase of 6.2%. Among them, the export of textiles, including masks, was 1.07 trillion yuan, an increase of 30.4%.